A paper on irish 1845 potato famine and the responsibilities of government

In adhering to laissez-faire, the British government also did not interfere with the English-controlled export business in Irish-grown grains. The commemoration in words and song was a community day of celebration and remembering, especially for those who are descendants of these Irish Workhouse young women.

Legacy of the Famine today[ edit ] A graph of the populations of Ireland and Europe indexed against showing the disastrous consequence of the —49 potato famine. The blight spread throughout the fields as fungal spores settled on the leaves of healthy potato plants, multiplied and were carried in the millions by cool breezes to surrounding plants.

The Great Irish Famine 1845-1851 – A Brief Overview

Here the Irish were viewed as a promiscuous bunch that married young and had too many children. Almost 4, vessels carried food from Ireland to the ports of Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool, and London duringwhenIrish men, women, and children died of starvation and related diseases.

The workhouses, an early version of New Deal make-work programs, only made the problem of poverty worse. In andMayoDonegaland Galway suffered likewise.

Great Famine (Ireland)

The Blight Begins The Famine began quite mysteriously in September as leaves on potato plants suddenly turned black and curled, then rotted, seemingly the result of a fog that had wafted across the fields of Ireland.

The rural poor were however dangerously dependent on the potato as their staple food. Throughout the entire Famine period, the British government would never provide massive food aid to Ireland under the assumption that English landowners and private businesses would have been unfairly harmed by resulting food price fluctuations.

Losing a house and shelter in midst of the famine greatly increased the chances of dying. He resigned the premiership in December, but the opposition was unable to form a government and he was re-appointed.

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It allowed proprietors to suck the very life-blood of that wretched race". A second, somewhat less successful "Queen's Letter" was issued in late But the famine mortality was as high in predominantly Presbyterian areas of Ulster as many other majority Catholic areas.

Great Famine

Perhaps, it was thought, static electricity in the air resulting from the newly arrived locomotive trains caused it. The rent revenue—collected from "impoverished tenants" who were paid minimal wages to raise crops and livestock for export [34] —was mostly sent to England.

Two-thirds of those depended on agriculture for their survival, but they rarely received a working wage. Then, only a few commemorations were held—the most significant of which was a commissioned volume of Famine history edited by R.

Similarly damaging was the attitude among many British intellectuals that the crisis was a predictable and not-unwelcome corrective to high birth rates in the preceding decades and perceived flaws, in their opinion, in the Irish national character.

The number of agricultural labourers and smallholders in the western and southwestern counties underwent an especially drastic decline. Charles Trevelyanwho was in charge of the administration of government relief, limited the Government's food aid programme because of a firm belief in laissez-faire.

Merchants lobbied against the export ban, but government in the s overrode their protests. Many of these landlords lived in England and were known as absentee landlords.

He affirmed that in Ireland no one ever asked alms or favours of any kind from England or any other nation, but that it was England herself that begged for Ireland. Thereafter, more land than before was used for grazing sheep and cattle, providing animal foods for export to Britain.

Still, these changes failed to offset the growing problem of the potato blight. Peel was forced to resign as prime minister on 29 June, and the Whig leader, Lord John Russellassumed the seals of office.

When Ireland had experienced a famine in —83, ports were closed to keep Irish-grown food in Ireland to feed the Irish. It is calculated that only one third of landlords actually contributed at all towards famine relief.

A heavy reliance on just one or two high-yielding types of potato greatly reduced the genetic variety that ordinarily prevents the decimation of an entire crop by disease, and thus the Irish became vulnerable to famine.

In Ireland[ edit ] Political reaction resulting from the Great Irish Famine was muted, because of the extremely limited electoral franchise that existed at the time. Leaders such as John Devoy in later decades came to play a major role in supporting Irish independence.

The latter persisted in the form of Irish language manuscripts containing both prose and poetry: The potato crop did not fail that year, but most potato farmers had either not sown seeds in expectation that the potato crop would fail again, did not have any more seeds or had been evicted for failure to pay rent.

The famine killed one million Irish through hunger and related diseases such as cholera. A wide variety of commodities left Ireland duringincluding peas, beans, onions, rabbits, salmon, oysters, herring, lard, honey, tongues, animal skins, rags, shoes, soap, glue, and seed.

In England, religious-minded social reformers viewed the blight as a heaven-sent 'blessing' that would finally provide an opportunity to transform Ireland, ending the cycle of poverty resulting from the people's mistaken dependence on the potato.

Like a boxer with both arms tied behind his back, the Irish could only stand and absorb blow after blow.

Legacy of the Great Irish Famine

Ireland — that no issue has provoked so much anger and embittered relations between England and Ireland "as the indisputable fact that huge quantities of food were exported from Ireland to England throughout the period when the people of Ireland were dying of starvation".

The Irish Potato Famine was a taxing event in Irish history that claimed millions of casualties. Often referred to as the “Greatest Disaster” to have struck Ireland, the direct cause of the famine was due to the Potato Blight that ruined many harvests and driving the Irish population into hunger and starvation.

The Great Famine was a disaster that hit Ireland between and aboutcausing the deaths of about 1 million people and the flight or emigration of up to million more over the course of. Irish Potato Famine Cronin 1 Throughout the ordeal of the Irish Potato Famine, c. -people throughout the world formed many different views on the situation.

Those views formed mainly through information fed to world news agencies by the British government, the ruling power in Ireland. The Great Irish Famine The great famine of Ireland began around the year ofwhen a deadly fungus reached the crops, leaving thousands of acres of. The Ireland Potato famine Inthe Irish people depended mostly on potatoes and farming.

Inspite of the fact that, the Land used to grow crops was not owned by a certain person. In Ireland duringa plant fungus attacked their potato crops.

The Great Irish Famine 1845-1851 – A Brief Overview

Social policy Essay words The single most important event in the shaping of social policy in the 19th century was the great famine of (Burke ). Discuss the impact of the famine on the Irish Poor Law and on the development of Irish social policy and after the famine.

A paper on irish 1845 potato famine and the responsibilities of government
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The History Place - Irish Potato Famine: The Blight Begins