Epistemology and truth

In courts of law, cases are made upon the merits of evidence. They have rarely led you astray. Neither choice is unproblematic. According to some NTK theorists, it calls for refining the concept of reliability.

But that's merely a statement of the attitude we in fact take toward testimony. But the Tarskian apparatus need not be used just to explicitly define truth.

Epistemology and Truth

References and Further Reading 1. Those who love wisdom, will allow Truth to inform and change present opinions. This has led to two distinct strands in contemporary thinking about the correspondence theory.

So you believe B It appears to me that that hat is blue. Above, we called this view the "compromise position".


We will consider two approaches to answering this question. She means that Martha was under no obligation to refrain from lying. For instance, suppose that I desire that I be given a raise in salary, and that I intend to do whatever I can to earn one.

Some evidentialists would say it is to be in a mental state that represents p as being true. So according to this evidentialism, what makes you justified in believing that p is your having an experience that represents p as being true.

Suppose that the clock on campus which keeps accurate time and is well maintained stopped working at Alternative 2 seems no better, since circular reasoning appears to be fallacious. Consider again, however, the hat example from above. For every belief, we can indicate the cognitive process that led to its formation.

Justification Knowledge, then, requires factual belief. Alternatively, one could view introspection as a source of certainty. Compared with perception, introspection appears to have a special status.

His account of justification is foundationalist. This seems excessively demanding. Appeal to authority is commonly used to break logjams of controversy. Instead, we know about the world insofar as we experience it according to the unchanging and universally shared structure of mind.

Here the idea is that an introspective experience of p eliminates all possible doubt as to whether p is true.


What does it mean to say that a proposition is true. Logical positivism attempts to combine positivism with a version of a-priorism.

Epistemic theories of truth

Rationalismwhich holds that knowledge is not derived from experience, but rather is acquired by a priori processes or is innate in the form of concepts or intuitive.

There are a few main theories of knowledge acquisition:. Epistemology: Kant and Theories of Truth I. The debate between empiricists and rationalists prompts Immanuel Kant () to highlight differences between the kinds of statements, judgments, or propositions that guide the discussion.

As one accepts Rationalism as an adequate epistemology to establish evidence of truth, then by implication, the "nature of truth" assumed to be an Essence or Idea existing in a metaphysical realm and captured by the mind.

It makes sense that Rationalism is the primary approach of a branch of philosophy called "Metaphysics.". Epistemology Vocabulary Epistemology: The branch of philosophy that investigates the nature, sources, limitations, and validity of knowledge. Rationalism: The position that reason alone, without the aid of sensory info, is capable of arriving at some knowledge, at some undeniable truths.

Truth is an epistemological attribute of propositions, because the degree of truth of a proposition is relevant for judging the latter as knowledge. Things just are (exist), so there is no “ontological truth” in this sense but being, which is no truth at all.

Epistemology is the investigation of the nature of knowledge itself. Its study focuses on our means for acquiring knowledge and how we can differentiate between truth and falsehood.

Modern epistemology generally involves a debate between rationalism and empiricism.

Epistemology and Truth

Epistemology is the study of the nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief. It analyzes the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief and justification.

Epistemology and truth
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Epistemology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)