Twenge et al suggested that the reason for this trend is that over the years there has been an increase is social factors such as higher crime and divorce rates and this had led many young people to believe many aspects of their life are out of their control.
Whereas Asch used male participants only, the new study involved both men and women. The minority position changed, it was not consistent, and it was this change that apparently resulted in minority influence.
Gender issue Many studies have a found a sex difference with women generally being more conformist.
Based on the self-assessment, what did you learn about your locus of control. Internal External So what. The individual changes their views, but it is a temporary change.
Flexibility A number of researchers have questioned whether consistency alone is sufficient for a minority to influence a majority. Other guards joined in, and other prisoners were also tormented.
This type of conformity extends over several aspects of external behavior. By donning filter glasses similar to those used for watching 3-D movies, participants can view the same display and yet see different things.
Conformity to Social Roles Social roles are the part people play as members of a social group e. Lower scores indicate more of an internal work locus of control. As the prisoners became more submissive, the guards became more aggressive and assertive.
Paraphrasing Kelman, conformity occurs to gain specific reward or approval or to avoid punishment or disapproval. This can happen when the minority behaves in the following ways. There are also sampling issues regarding this study as the study was only carried out on men thus the sample was gender bias and therefore the results cannot be applied to females.
Minority influence including reference to consistency, commitment and flexibility. An idea that most of the students did not agree with at the outset. Furthermore it is possible that the participants may have felt embarrassed when the true nature of the study was revealed.
In simplistic terms, a more internal locus of control is generally seen as desirable. Within a very short time both guards and prisoners were settling into their new roles, with the guards adopting theirs quickly and easily. They are more likely to have expectancy shifts, where a sequence of similar events are expected to have different outcomes.
This means that the minority must be clear on what they are asking for and not change their minds, or disagree amongst themselves. It is also known as majority influence.
Also worth mentioning in an essay question is the information Crutchfield found out about the personalities of conformist individuals by administering a personality test after the procedure. However, some of the tasks are more difficult than the Asch lines and some even involve general knowledge.
This happens when a person resists the pressures to conform or obey. A consistent minority disrupts established norms and creates uncertainty, doubt and conflict.
This means any change of behavior is temporary. This is a personallity attribute that indicates how people explain to themselves why they experience a particular event. It is always worth pointing out that cultures are not homogenous i. According to kelman the person adopts the induced behaviour because it is consistent with their own value system.
Only questions posted as Public are visible on our website. This means that it might not be possible to generalise the finding to a real life setting, as people do not usually receive orders to hurt another person in real life.
They will also likely be more motivated and success-oriented. Three participants had uncontrollable seizures, and many pleaded to be allowed to stop the experiment. For example, a policeman, teacher or politician.
There is considerable pressure to conform to the expectations of a social role. For a study on informational influence refer to Jenness see below. As the prisoners became more submissive, the guards became more aggressive and assertive.
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When the consistent minority the confederate argued for a very low amount and refused to change his position, he had no effect on the majority. The word 'control' becomes even more interesting when we have the word locus, before it.
You see, locus is defined as a position, point or place, or more specifically, a location where something. In some cases people can resist the pressure to conform or obey because of their personality. Rotter () proposed the idea of locus of control, which is the extent to which people believe they have control over their own lives.
Explanations of resistance to social influence, including social support and locus of control. Minority influence including reference to consistency, commitment and flexibility.
The role of social influence processes in social change. A locus of control orientation is a belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control orientation) or on events outside our personal control (external control orientation)." (Zimbardo,p.
) Thus, locus. Outline and evaluate two explanations why people obey (12) 1. LEGITIMATE AUTHORITY: some members of society have social power (police, teachers) and this makes it difficult to deviate from what people with a legitimate authority have to say.
Outline And Evaluate Locus Of Control. Locus of control Locus of control is a theory in personality psychology referring to the extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them. Understanding of the concept was developed by Julian B.
Rotter inand has since become an important aspect of personality studies.Outline and evaluate locus of control